Thessaloniki is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Municipality of Thessaloniki
The municipality of Thessaloniki, the historical center, had a population of 385,406 in 2007, while the Urban Area had a population of 800,764. and the Metropolitan Area had 1,104,460 inhabitants in 2011.
It’s Greece’s second major economic, industrial, commercial and political centre, and a major transportation hub for the rest of southeastern Europe its commercial port is also of great importance for Greece and the southeastern European hinterland.The city is renowned for its festivals, events and vibrant cultural life in general,and is considered to be Greece’s cultural capital.Events such as the International Trade Fair and the International Film Festival are held annually, while the city also hosts the largest bi-annual meeting of the Greek diaspora. The city was announced as the 2014 European Youth Capital.
The city was founded in 315 BC by Cassander of Macedon. An important metropolis by the Roman period, was the second largest and wealthiest city of the Byzantine Empire. It was conquered by the Ottomans in 1430, and passed from the Ottoman Empire to modern Greece on 8 November 1912.
Thessaloniki is home to numerous notable Byzantine monuments, including the Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments , a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as well as several Roman, Ottoman and Sephardic Jewish structures. The city’s main university, Aristotle University, is the largest in Greece and the Balkans.
Also is a popular tourist destination in Greece. For 2013, National Geographic Magazine included the city in its top tourist destinations worldwide, while in 2014 Financial Times FDI magazine (Foreign Direct Investments) declared as the best mid-sized European city of the future for human capital and lifestyle.Among street photographers, the city center is also considered the most popular destination for street photography in Greece.